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Facts about human body

Bones - The largest bones is the femur, or thigh bone, which is 20 inches in a six-foot tall man. The smallest bone is the stirrup in the ear, which is one-tenth of an inch. Each hand has 27 bones: eight in the wrist, five in the palm, and 14 in the fingers. A newborn baby has 300 bones, some of which fuse to form the final 206 in the adult.

Blood - In a child, there are 60,000 miles of blood vessels. An adult has 100,000 miles of blood vessels. The blood circulates through the body 1,000 times a day.

Brain - A newborn baby has a brain that weights three ounces. The average brain of an adult weighs three pounds. The brains is the "mission control center" of the body, sending our messages at a rate of 240 miles per hour. The left side of the brain controls the right side of the body and the right side of the brain controls the left side of the body.

Cells - The cells are the body's building blocks. There are about 26 billion cells in an adult.

Eyes - Each eye weighs 1 1/4 ounces. The eyes are constantly in motion, even during sleep. Dreaming sleep especially is characterized by constant eye movement known as Rapid Eye Movement or "REM". Tears are normally secreted through two canals near the inner corner of the eyes.

Fluid - The body about 50% water. Blood is 83% water, muscles are 75% water, the brain 74% water, and the bones contain 22% water. In a single day, three pints of saliva are produced in the mouth.

Hair - Children have about 75,000 hairs on their heads, which grow about 1/100 of an inch daily. Hairs of different colors grow at different rates. Dark hair grows faster than light-colored hair. No one known why. Each hair on the scalp grows about five inches a year. A person loses about 50-70 head hairs per day. Eyelashes keep dust out of the eyes. An eyelash lives about 150 days before it falls out and is replaced.

Muscles - There are over 650 muscles in the body. The strongest muscle is the heart. It takes at least 14 muscles to smile. The largest muscle is the "gluteus maximus" or buttock. The smallest is located in the middle ear. Fingers have no muscles.

Nails - Nails are made up of a protein called keratin which also makes up the hair. Nails protect the ends of the fingers and toes. The half-moon at the root of the nail is called the lunule. Nails grow faster in summer than in winter. Fingernails grow fourtimes faster than toenails. Right - handed people's nails grow faster in their right hands. Left-handed people's nails grow faster on their left hand. The hair and nails of men grow faster than those of women.

Nose - More than 2,500 gallons of air flow through the average adult's nose in a day. The nose can recognize up to 1,000 different components of smells. (The nose doesn't smell an orange and recognize it as "oo! Orange!" What happens is your brain detects certain levels of smell "components" and then pieces it together like a puzzle to get "Ooo! Orange!") The nose is the air conditioning unit of the body. It cools or warms incoming air. It also filters the dirt and dust in the air.

Skin - The human body has six pounds of skin which is, on average, 1/20 of an inch thick. The two layers of skin are the epidermis and under it, the dermis. The skin is waterproof, it protects the body and helps to regulate body temperature. A substance called melanin colors the skin the more melanin, the darker the skin. A freckle is a dense concentration of melanin. A new layer of skin replaces the old layer approximately every 27 days, totalling about 1,000 new outer layers of skin a lifetime.

Teeth - Humans have 20 primary Baby teeth and 32 permanent teeth. By age 13 most people have 28 teeth. By age 18 the four "wisdom" teeth have grown in for a total of 32 permanent teeth.


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